Part II: Who they were

Here is a handful of the 92 Patriots, with a scattering of Canadians, that were involuntary guests in Van Diemen’s Land.

Beemer or Beamer, Jacob. Aged 29. From Oakland, Canada. Woodworker and publican with wife and two children. Suffered solitary confinement twice. Pardoned November 1848. Bigamously married Ann Walker, Richmond, Van Diemens land, and had three more children, plus two from a third wife after Ann's death. Remained in Van Diemens Land.

Chandler, Samuel. Aged 48. Born Albany, Connecticut, and lived in Upper Canada as a wagon maker and wheelwright. Married with 11 children and a Canadian citizen. Escaped from Van Diemens Land on the American whaler Julian and rejoined his family. He founded a Freemasons lodge in Iowa, where he has descendants.

Gammell or Gemmell, James. Aged 23. Born Kilmarnock, Scotland, and lived in Upper Canada, becoming a Patriot Army lieutenant. A gardener. Received a ticket-of-leave in 1842 after helping capture five escapee convicts, then escaped himself on a whaler. Was a Salt Lake City Mormon where he had five wives and 22 children.

Miller, Linus Wilson. Aged 20. A law student from Stockton, Chautanqua County, New York. Official report described Miller as a quiet and well-conducted man. Suffered two years hard labour 'out of chains' for attempting to escape. Pardoned 1845, worked in a law office in Hobart. Arrived home 1846.

Morin was accused of 'misconduct', stripped, tied to a triangle in front of assembled convicts, and suffered a vicious flogging of 25 lashes from a cat-o'-nine-tails, baring his spine

Morin, Michael. Aged 31. A carpenter from Bordeaux, Lower Canada, living in Lockport, New York. Suffered two years of hard labour (often in chains) at the notorious Port Arthur penal station for escaping with Patriots Cooley, Paddock and William Reynolds by rowboat in the hope of finding an American whaler. Their boat was holed on an island and, with the diminutive Morin ill, they surrendered to constables. While working for the Superintendent at Port Arthur in 1840, Morin was accused of 'misconduct', stripped, tied to a triangle in front of assembled convicts, and suffered a vicious flogging of 25 lashes from a cat-o'-nine-tails, baring his spine. Others may have suffered similarly (Joseph Stewart, Samual Snow and Linus Miller were sentenced to the horror of the treadwheel) but Morin was the sole Patriot officially listed as being flogged. He was fined five shillings for being drunk in 1844. Did Michael Morin ever get home to Lockport? Records of his activities cease with his pardon in 1845.

Tyrell, John Burwell, Aged 25. A carpenter, married with two children, of Malahide, Upper Canada. In Van Diemens Land suffered two days solitary confinement for misconduct. The influential petitions from his family gained Tyrell a pardon in 1843. He returned to Upper Canada, being the first Patriot to be freed.

Woodman, Elijah Croker. Aged 42. Canadian resident from Maine. A lumberman and farmer, married with seven children. Ill throughout his time in Van Diemens Land, pardoned 1845 but died during the voyage home. Woodman's diaries recording much of the history of the Patriot convicts were returned to his family. ¶

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